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An Antinuclear Antibody-Negative Patient With Lupus Nephritis

Authors
Kim, HA; Chung, JW; Park, HJ; Joe, DY; Yim, HE; Park, HS; Suh, CH
Citation
The Korean journal of internal medicine, 24(1):76-79, 2009
Journal Title
The Korean journal of internal medicine
ISSN
1226-33032005-6648
Abstract
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a typical autoimmune disease that’s characterized by various autoantibodies to nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens. The presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in serum is generally considered a decisive diagnostic sign of SLE. However, a small subset of SLE patients who had the typical clinical features of SLE was reported to show persistently negative ANA tests. Our report describes a 16-yr-old female who presented with the clinical manifestations of SLE such as malar rash, photosensitivity, arthritis, lymphopenia, pericarditis and proteinuria. The serum autoantibodies were all negative and renal biopsy showed that the histopathological changes of immune complex mediated the focal segmental necrotizing glomerulonephritis with crescent formation. She was treated with monthly pulse cyclophosphamide along with corticosteroids. During the 2-yr follow-up period, the proteinuria was markedly decreased and all of the ANA and anti-double stranded DNA antibody tests were negative. This case suggests that ANA may not be required in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis.
Keywords
Antinuclear antibodyLupus nephritisSystemic lupus erythematosus
Appears in Collections:
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pathology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Allergy
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Rheumatology
AJOU Authors
김, 현아임, 현이박, 해심서, 창희
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