Initial Experience Using Gasless Transaxillary Robotic Thyroidectomy by a Single Surgeon
무기하 액와 접근법을 이용한 로봇 갑상선 절제술: 단일 술자에 의한 최초 1년간의 경험
노, 재형; 이, 정훈; 나, 국영; 이, 잔디; 정, 웅윤; 소, 의영
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery, 10(3):157-162, 2010
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery; 대한내분비외과학회지
Purpose: Various endoscopic thyroidectomy procedures have been designed to minimize visible cervical scarring. However, endoscopic thyroidectomy is a technically challenging procedure that is performed by a limited surgeon. Robotic systems aida surgeon in performing minimally invasive head and neck surgery by offering superior visualization and dexterity. This study reports the initial experience of one surgeon with robotic thyroidectomy to assess the technical feasibility and safety of the approach.
Methods: One hundred four thyroid cancer patients (97 females, 7 males; mean age of 39.8±8.1 years) underwent robotic thyroidectomy using gasless transaxillary approach between November 2008 and October 2009 in Ajou University Hospital. All the procedures were completed successfully using the da Vinci surgical system without open conversion. Patient characteristics, postoperative clinical results, complications, and pathologic details were assessed.
Results: Total thyroidectomy was performed in 25 (24.0%) patients, subtotal thyroidectomy in 13 (12.5%) patients, and unilateral lobectomy in 66 (63.5%) patients. All patients underwent ipsilateral central compartment neck dissection, and two patients underwent selective lymph node (LN) dissection. The mean operation time was 134.5±47.2 min (range 61∼310 min), in which the actual time for the thyroidectomy with lymphadenectomy (console time) was 56.4 min. (range 31∼270). The mean number of LN resected was 3.9 (range 0∼28). There were no serious complications. The mean hospital stay was 2.9±0.9 days (range 2∼7).
Conclusion: Robotic thyroidectomy is a feasible, safe, and cosmetically excellent procedure. The application of robotic technology for thyroid surgeries could be an alternative to endoscopic or conventional open thyroidectomy.
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