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A multi-institutional study on histopathological characteristics of surgically treated renal tumors: the importance of tumor size.

Kim, SI  | Choi, YD | Kim, SJ  | Chung, BH | Seong, DH | Kim, CI | Cheon, SH | Cho, JS | Song, YS | Kim, YS | Cho, IR | Lee, DH | Song, KH | Kim, HS | Lee, JS | Yang, WJ | Hong, SJ
Yonsei medical journal, 49(4). : 639-646, 2008
Journal Title
Yonsei medical journal
PURPOSE: The incidence of accidentally detected small renal tumors is increasing throughout the world. In this multi-institutional study performed in Korea, histopathological characteristics of contemporarily surgically removed renal tumors were reviewed with emphasis on tumor size.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1995 and May 2005, 1,702 patients with a mean age of 55 years underwent surgical treatment at 14 training hospitals in Korea for radiologically suspected malignant renal tumors. Clinicopathological factors and patient survival were analyzed.

RESULTS: Of the 1,702 tumors, 91.7% were malignant and 8.3% were benign. The percentage of benign tumors was significantly greater among those < or = 4 cm (13.2%) than those > 4 cm (4.5%) (p < 0.001). Among renal cell carcinoma patients, the percentage of tumors classed as stage > or = T3 was significantly less among tumors < or = 4 cm (5.2%) than those > 4 cm (26.8%) (p < 0.001). The percentage of tumors classed as Fuhrman's nuclear grades > or = 3 was also significantly less among tumors < or = 4 cm (27.3%) than tumors > 4 cm (50.9%) (p < 0.001). The 5-year cancer-specific survival rate was 82.7%, and T stage (p < 0.001), N stage (p < 0.001), M stage (p = 0.025), and Fuhrman's nuclear (p < 0.001) grade were the only independent predictors of cancer-specific survival.

CONCLUSION: In renal tumors, small tumor size is prognostic for favorable postsurgical histopathologies such as benign tumors, low T stages, and low Fuhrman's nuclear grades. Our observations are expected to facilitate urologists to adopt function-preserving approach in the planning of surgery for small renal tumors with favorable predicted outcomes.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Urology
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김, 선일  |  김, 세중
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