Involvement of Ca2+-mediated apoptotic signals in palmitate-induced MIN6N8a beta cell death.
Choi, SE; Kim, HE; Shin, HC; Jang, HJ; Lee, KW; Kim, Y; Kang, SS; Chun, J; Kangv, Y
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 272(1-2):50-62, 2007
Molecular and cellular endocrinology
The extracellular Ca(2+) chelator EGTA and L-type Ca(2+) channel blockers, such as, nifedipine and nimodipine were found to have a protective effect on palmitate-induced MIN6N8a beta cell apoptosis, whereas the Ca(2+) channel opener, Bay K8644, enhanced the apoptotic process. Moreover, the phospho-form of Bad, in conjunction with phospho-Akt, was reduced in response to palmitate and the palmitate-induced dephosphorylations of Akt and Bad were dependent on Ca(2+) influx. The transient expression of catalytically active Akt prevented MIN6N8a cells from palmitate-induced apoptosis. Deltamethrin, an inhibitor of Ca(2+)-activated phosphatase, delayed Akt and Bad dephosphorylations, and then protected MIN6N8a cells from palmitate-induced apoptosis. On the other hand, palmitate was found to induce CHOP, an apoptotic transcription factor in response to ER stress, and this induction was enhanced by Ca(2+) influx. Our studies suggested that Ca(2+) influx and subsequent Ca(2+)-mediated apoptotic signals are involved in palmitate-induced beta cell death.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Total Visit :2,707,270
Total Download :1,105,039
Today View :212
Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center 164 Worldcup-ro Yeongtong-gu Suwon 16499 Korea / TEL : 031-219-5312 / FAX : 031-219-5314 Copyright (c) Ajou University Medical Information & Media Center All Rights Reserved. AJOU Open Repository는 국립중앙도서관 OAK 보급사업으로 구축되었습니다.