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Cell membrane and nuclear expression of programmed death ligand-1 in prostate needle biopsy tissue in prostate cancer patients undergoing primary radiation therapy

Shim, KH  | Kwon, JE  | Park, SG | Choo, SH  | Kim, SJ  | Kim, SI
Urologic oncology, 39(5). : 298.e13-298.e20, 2021
Journal Title
Urologic oncology
Background: Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression in cancer is often associated with cancer aggressiveness and responsiveness to treatment with PD-1 pathway inhibitors. We conducted a systematic study on the expression of membranous PD-L1 (mPD-L1) and nuclear PD-1-L1 (nPD-L1) in prostate needle biopsy specimens of prostate cancer patients who underwent primary radiotherapy and analyzed the association between PD-L1 expression and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients. Method: A total of 971 cancer-containing prostate needle biopsy cores from 172 patients were immunohistochemically stained with anti-PD-L1 antibody. The association of PD-L1 expression with Gleason score and tumor volume percentage was evaluated for each biopsy core. Total of 171 patients were divided according to mPD-L1 or nPD-L1 expression, and clinicopathological characteristics were compared between the positive and negative groups. The prognostic significance of mPD-L1, nPD-L1 and common prognostic factors were analyzed in terms of biochemical recurrence. Result: Total of 15% and 46% of biopsy cores were stained positive for mPD-L1 and nPD-L1, respectively. There was a positive correlation between Gleason score and mPD-L1 and a negative correlation between Gleason score and nPD-L1. Between mPD-L1 and nPD-L1, there was no significant correlation. There was intraindividual heterogeneity in PD-L1 expression among different Gleason scores. For mPD-L1, only pretreatment PSA was significantly higher in the positive group than in the negative, but not Gleason score and T stage. For nPD-L1, Gleason score and T stage were significantly higher in the positive group than in the negative. Both mPD-L1 and nPD-L1 expression were not predictive of BCR-free survival in univariate and multivariate analyses. Conclusions: Our results suggest that PD-1 pathway inhibitor may be a potential therapeutic option in high risk prostate cancer patients as early as neoadjuvant setting. The novel discovery of PD-L1 expression in the nucleus of PC should be subjected to further research.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Urology
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Pathology
Ajou Authors
권, 지은  |  김, 선일  |  김, 세중  |  심, 강희  |  추, 설호
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