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Development and psychometric evaluation of a new brief scale to measure eHealth literacy in people with type 2 diabetes

Lee, EH  | Lee, YW | Lee, KW  | Kim, HJ  | Hong, S | Kim, SH | Kang, EH
BMC nursing, 21(1). : 297-297, 2022
Journal Title
BMC nursing
BACKGROUND: The internet has become a major source of health information, and obtaining appropriate information requires various abilities and skills, labeled as electronic health literacy (eHealth literacy). The existing instruments for measuring eHealth literacy are outdated because they were developed during the Web 1.0 era, or not sufficiently sensitive for people with a specific condition or disease because they were designed to assess eHealth literacy over a broad range for a general population. Approximately one in ten adults worldwide live with diabetes. Health professionals have a responsibility to identify patients with low eHealth literacy to prevent them from obtaining misleading internet diabetes information. AIMS: The aims were to develop a condition-specific eHealth literacy scale for diabetes and to evaluate its psychometric properties among people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: An instrument development design was used. This study recruited 453 people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at the outpatient clinics of hospitals in 2021. Psychometric properties (internal consistency, measurement invariance, and content, structural, convergent, and known-groups validities) were analyzed. RESULTS: An expert panel assessed content validity. Exploratory factor analysis, exploratory graph analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for structural validity yielded a two-factor solution (CFI = 0.977, SRMR = 0.029, RMSEA = 0.077). Cronbach's alpha and omega values were excellent for each factor (0.87-0.94). Multigroup CFA yielded configural and metric measurement invariance across the gender, age, and glycemic control status groups. Convergent validity with a comparator instrument to measure health literacy was supported by a moderate correlation, and known-groups validity determined using groups with different internet-use frequencies was satisfied with a high effect size. CONCLUSION: A new condition-specific eHealth literacy scale for people with type 2 diabetes was developed, comprising 10 items. The scale exhibited good psychometric properties; however, test-retest reliability must be determined for the stability of the scale and cross-cultural validity is required among different languages. The brief scale has the merits of being feasible to use in busy clinical practice and being less burdensome to respondents. The scale can be applied in clinical trials of internet-based diabetes interventions for assessing the eHealth literacy of respondents.

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Journal Papers > Graduate School of Public Health > Public Health
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Endocrinology & Metabolism
Ajou Authors
김, 혜진  |  이, 관우  |  이, 은현
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