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Empagliflozin Reduces the Progression of Hepatic Fibrosis in a Mouse Model and Inhibits the Activation of Hepatic Stellate Cells via the Hippo Signalling Pathway

Heo, YJ  | Lee, N  | Choi, SE  | Jeon, JY  | Han, SJ  | Kim, DJ  | Kang, Y  | Lee, KW  | Kim, HJ
Biomedicines, 10(5). : 1032-1032, 2022
Journal Title
Hepatic fibrosis is the excessive production and deposition of the extracellular matrix, resulting in the activation of the fibrogenic phenotype of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). The Hippo/Yes-associated protein (YAP) signalling pathway is a highly conserved kinase cascade that is critical in regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival, and controls stellate cell activation. Empagliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter type-2 inhibitor, is an antidiabetic drug that may prevent fibrotic progression by reducing hepatic steatosis and inflammation. However, little is known about its mechanism of action in liver fibrosis. In this study, we used male C57 BL/6 J mice fed a choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined, high-fat diet (CDAHFD) as a model for hepatic fibrosis. For 5 weeks, the mice received either a vehicle or empagliflozin based on their assigned group. Empagliflozin attenuated CDAHFD-induced liver fibrosis. Thereafter, we identified the Hippo pathway, along with its effector, YAP, as a key pathway in the mouse liver. Hippo signalling is inactivated in the fibrotic liver, but empagliflozin treatment activated Hippo signalling and decreased YAP activity. In addition, empagliflozin downregulated the expression of pro-fibrogenic genes and activated Hippo signalling in HSCs. We identified a mechanism by which empagliflozin ameliorates liver fibrosis.

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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Endocrinology & Metabolism
Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Physiology
Ajou Authors
강, 엽  |  김, 대중  |  김, 혜진  |  이, 관우  |  이, 나미  |  전, 자영  |  최, 성이  |  한, 승진  |  허, 유정
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