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A prospective study to evaluate the treatment effect of pulsed dye laser on thyroidectomy hypertrophic scars using 3D imaging analysis

Kim, JC  | Choi, JW  | Kim, YC
Lasers in surgery and medicine, 54(8). : 1082-1088, 2022
Journal Title
Lasers in surgery and medicine
OBJECTIVES: The pulsed dye laser (PDL) is an effective modality for preventing and improving hypertrophic scars (HSs). However, the heterogeneity of the parameter settings of the laser and subjective scar assessment methods used in most studies resulting in uncertainty with treatment plans. Therefore, we investigated the treatment effect of the PDL (V-beam; Candela Laser Corporation) on HSs in post-thyroidectomy patients using three-dimensional imaging analysis and intended to provide a systemic and optimal treatment protocol. METHODS: Nineteen patients with HS after thyroidectomy underwent eight treatment sessions with the 595 nm PDL (with the dose gradually increased by 0.5 J/cm(2) ) at 4- to 6-week intervals. Patients with an elevated lesion also received intralesional corticosteroid (ICS) treatment. After every two treatment sessions, we assessed the patients' HS using the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS), a patient satisfaction questionnaire, and with a three-dimensional (3D) skin imaging device (Antera 3D; Miravex Limited). RESULTS: In repeated-measures analysis of variance, the mean VSS and patient satisfaction significantly improved (p < 0.001), with significant differences in these values observed until the sixth and eighth treatment sessions, respectively. In the quantitative analysis using Antera 3D, the mean height, pigmentation, and vascularity scores were observed to be significantly improved (p < 0.001). Significant differences in these values were observed until the fourth, second, and eighth treatment sessions, respectively. Subgroup analysis according to ICS treatment showed no significant differences in scar characteristics between those with and without ICS treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we found that the PDL was effective in reducing scar height, vascularity, and pigmentation in patients with thyroidectomy HS using 3D imaging analysis. Furthermore, we have suggested a cost-effective treatment plan with the 595 nm PDL.


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Journal Papers > School of Medicine / Graduate School of Medicine > Dermatology
Ajou Authors
김, 유찬  |  김, 진철  |  최, 지웅
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